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  • Plenary
  • N11.03 - Fish consumption for a short period of time improves cognitive ability of healthy Omani school children

    Monday, June 30, 2014 3:49 PM - Monday, June 30, 2014 3:49 PM

    • Samia S. Al-Ghannami, Lipidomics and Nutrition Research Centre, Faculty of Life Sciences and Computing, London Metropolitan University and Ministry of Health,┬áSultanate of Oman, Oman ;
    • Samir Al- Adawi, Department of Behavioral Medicine, Sultan Qaboos University, Oman ;
    • Ahmed Al-Mazroui, Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries Wealth, Oman ;
    • Hamed S. Al-Oufi, Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries Wealth, Oman ;
    • Kebreab Ghebremeskel, Lipidomics and Nutrition Research Centre, Faculty of Life Sciences and Computing, London Metropolitan University, United Kingdom ;
    • Izzeldin S. Hussein, Lipidomics and Nutrition Research Centre, Faculty of Life Sciences and Computing, London Metropolitan University, United Kingdom ;
    • Yoeju Min, Lipidomics and Nutrition Research Centre, Faculty of Life Sciences and Computing, London Metropolitan University, United Kingdom ;
    • Eva Sedlak, Lipidomics and Nutrition Research Centre, Faculty of Life Sciences and Computing, London Metropolitan University, United Kingdom ;
    • Saleh M. Shammkhi, Ministry of Health, Oman
    Samia S. Al-Ghannami, Lipidomics and Nutrition Research Centre, Faculty of Life Sciences and Computing, London Metropolitan University and Ministry of Health, Sultanate of Oman, Oman; Samir Al- Adawi, Department of Behavioral Medicine, Sultan Qaboos University, Oman; Samia S. Al-Ghannami, Lipidomics and Nutrition Research Centre, Faculty of Life Sciences and Computing, London Metropolitan University and Ministry of Health, Sultanate of Oman, Oman; Ahmed Al-Mazroui, Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries Wealth, Oman; Hamed S. Al-Oufi, Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries Wealth, Oman; Kebreab Ghebremeskel, Lipidomics and Nutrition Research Centre, Faculty of Life Sciences and Computing, London Metropolitan University, United Kingdom; Kebreab Ghebremeskel, Lipidomics and Nutrition Research Centre, Faculty of Life Sciences and Computing, London Metropolitan University, United Kingdom; Izzeldin S. Hussein, Lipidomics and Nutrition Research Centre, Faculty of Life Sciences and Computing, London Metropolitan University, United Kingdom; Yoeju Min, Lipidomics and Nutrition Research Centre, Faculty of Life Sciences and Computing, London Metropolitan University, United Kingdom; Eva Sedlak, Lipidomics and Nutrition Research Centre, Faculty of Life Sciences and Computing, London Metropolitan University, United Kingdom; Saleh M. Shammkhi, Ministry of Health, Oman;

    BACKGROUND: Epidemiological and intervention studies seem to demonstrate that consumption of fish rich in the long-chain omega 3 fatty acids regularly confers considerable health and cognitive performance benefits to children of all ages and adults. There is a paucity of such published studies in the Arabian countries.

    OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of a short term regular consumption of fish on cognitive ability of Omani school children.

    METHOD: Sixty six Omani School children, aged 9 and 10 years, from Muscat, received fish meal lunch, four times a week for twelve weeks. The fish species used in the study - Grouper, Sea bream, Kingfish, Emperor and Snapper - provided 150 to 200 mg omega 3 fatty acids a day. Body composition, mental ability (verbal fluency and trial making test A & B) and red blood cell fatty acids were assessed at baseline and at the end of the intervention period.

    RESULTS: Fish consumption increased the levels of red blood cell EPA (0.33±0.14% vs. 0.41±0.2%, p<0.0001) and DHA (3.5±1.4% vs. 5.6±1.2%, p<0.0001), and improved the performance of the children in verbal fluency (7.30±3.6 vs 11.83±6.1 words, p<0.001), trail making A (0.87±0.44 vs. 0.63±0.36 minutes, p<0.0001) and trail making B (2.84±1.1 vs. 1.57±0.72 minutes, p<0.0001) tests.

    CONCLUSION: Consistent with previous reports from other countries, this study indicate that regular consumption of fish for a short period of time provides cognitive benefits to healthy Omani children.